ECT (NQT) Induction FAQsAnswers to popular questions relating to Induction

ECT (NQT) Induction FAQs

Below you will find answers to the most popular questions relating to statutory ECT (NQT) Induction in England.  If we, Manchester local authority, are your appropriate body for induction and you cannot find the answer you are looking for, feel free to contact us.  Should you spot a broken link or to notify us of an error, please leave feedback via link at the bottom of this page.


I do not have Qualified Teacher Status (QTS), can I undergo statutory induction ?

No.  QTS is a legal requirement as outlined by the government.  For full details regarding the award of QTS, please visit the government DfE / Teaching Regulation Agency website

I trained in Northern Ireland (or Rep of Ireland/Scotland) do I need to have QTS to undergo induction ?

Yes.  You must obtain the necessary clearance from the government Teaching Regulation Agency (TRA).  The TRA will determine whether or not you are required to complete a statutory induction period.  For full details including the steps you need to take to obtain QTS and a valid Teacher Reference Number, please visit: Qualified Teacher Status (QTS)

I do not know my teacher reference number (TRN), where can I get my number ?

Teacher reference numbers are usually issued when you begin your training - if you do not know your TRN, please visit the government Teaching Regulation Agency website for guidance.

I have QTLS, can I do induction ?

No. If you have been awarded QTLS and are a full member of the Society for Education and Training (SET) you are not elgiible for or required to undergo induction. Please see the links below for full details:

Qualified Teacher Learning and Skills (QTLS)  or  Society for Education and Training (SET)

I have Early Years Teacher Status (EYTS), can I do induction ?

No.  If you have EYTS your are not eligible for induction.  Please visit: Early Years Teacher Status (EYTS) for full details.

I am an ECT (NQT) but my school/college have not registered me for induction, can my induction be backdated ?

No.  Induction cannot be backdated (from September 2021 nor can the Early Career Framework)

I am currently undergoing my final induction period having started under the 1-year induction arrangements, will my induction be extended if school has closed/partially closed due to COVID or I have been absent through COVID illness, shielding or self-isolation ?

No.  The government have stated in their COVID guidance that induction will continue on a 'normal' timeframe.  Absences related to COVID will not cause induction to be extended.

We opted-in to early rollout of the Early Career Framework during academic year 2020/21, will our ECTs (NQTs) be subjected to a 2-year induction? 

No.  Induction will remain at 1-year for those NQTs (ECTs) currently undergoing induction e.g., if your NQT (ECT) is full time and they started induction in Sept 2020, they would have been due to complete induction around 23/7/2021 (FTE for part-time NQTs/ECTs).  Access to ECF support materials should continue into the 2nd year with the provider you chose to work with during early rollout (Note:  statutory induction assessments will not be required or completed in the 2nd year as they will no longer be NQTs/ECTs undergoing induction).

What about those who did not start at the beginning of September e.g., they started in January or April?

Induction still remains at 1-year e.g. if they fully completed 2 induction periods, they would have the final period remaining to complete which must be fully completed before the DfE transition deadline of September 2023 (see below).   The new arrangements apply to all new ECTs, new to starting induction from September 2021 onwards. 

What about those who had started/partially completed induction before the new arrangements came into force on 1st September 2021, but are not currently employed? 

The DfE have set a transition deadline of September 2023 for those who had already started/partially completed induction - they have until September 2023 to fully complete under the previous induction arrangements e.g., a 1-year induction.  Those who have not fully completed induction by the above deadline date will be required to undergo a 2-year ECF-based induction minus time already served.

We will not have ECTs in September 2021 - is there anything we still need to do ? 

If you will not be employing ECTs in September 2021, it's still important that you keep yourself familiarised with the changes that are now in force and have an idea of your preferred ECF delivery route/provider/AB should you employ ECTs in the future. We have provided a quick reference with some initial key steps to help you get started.

Can we still offer ECTs a 1-year contract or does it now need to be a minimum of 2-years under the new arrangements?

There are no restrictions placed on the length of contracts that can be offered to ECTs but the minimum period that would be eligible for and that can be counted towards completion of induction (for both full-time and part-time ECTs) is continuous employment equivalent to one term.  This also applies to both permanent and long-term supply teaching posts.  

NB:  Only teaching contracts are eligible for induction to take place.  Support staff e.g., TA's, technicians etc cannot undergo induction - no exceptions !

How does a 2-year induction affect an ECTs pay progression ? 

The new arrangements will not have any adverse impact on pay progression - ECTs can still progress up the pay scale as current arrangements allow. The DfE have updated the school teachers pay and conditions guidance valid from September 2021.

The revised statutory guidance states ECTs must have an Induction tutor
 and a mentor - what's the difference ? 

Induction Tutors will have responsibility for overseeing induction e.g. registering ECTs for induction, formal lesson observations, review meetings, support and monitoring including completion of termly progress reviews and annual formal assessments when they are due including interim assessments if an ECT leaves a post partway through induction.

Mentors will be responsible for day-to-day support, 1:1 mentoring, coaching sessions and where applicable will take part in mentor training as part of the Early Career Framework (ECF) training programme.

Can the tutor and mentor be the same person ? 

DfE expect these roles to be held by different individuals unless in exceptional circumstances e.g., staff absence

Can an ECT fail their early career framework (ECF) training ?

No.  ECTs cannot fail ECF training.  They can only pass or fail statutory induction.  The ECF is not and must not be used as an assessment framework.  ECTs must only be assessed against the government teacher standards during and throughout statutory induction.


Who makes the final decision as to whether or not I have met the required standards to pass induction ?

The appropriate body has the final say as to whether or not an ECT (NQT) has met the required standards to pass statutory induction.  The AB has to satisfy itself that there is sufficient evidence within the formal assessments (recommendation) provided by your head/principal to suggest that you have met all of the standards by the end of induction.


Is there a deadline by which ECTs (NQTs) must start and finish induction ?

No. ECTs are encouraged to start their induction as soon as possible after gaining qualified teacher status (QTS), but there is no set time limit for starting or completing induction itself.  Under the new arrangements now in force as of 1st September 2021, the DfE has set a transition deadline of September 2023 for all those who had started/partially completed induction under the previous 1-year arrangements.  Induction must be fully completed by the DfE deadline, if not, it will become 2-years minus time already served.  ECF engagment would also be required.

If significant time has elapsed between gaining QTS and starting induction, or there is a significant gap between teaching posts during the induction period, ECTs (NQTs) can consider undertaking refresher training.  Please visit - Returning Teachers


Can an early career teacher do supply work before starting induction ?

Yes, a qualified teacher, who has not completed an induction period, can undertake some short-term supply work in a relevant school (maintained school, maintained nursery, PRU and non-maintained special school) but this is limited to five years from the date that QTS was awarded.

See paragraphs 2.13-2.16 of the Statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England.


Can an ECT (NQT) do induction as a supply teacher ? 

Yes, ECTs (NQTs) can start or continue their induction whilst doing supply work but the minimum contracted period that would be eligible for and that can be counted towards completion of induction (for both full-time and part-time ECTs) is continuous employment equivalent to one term  This cannot be a series of short term supply contracts adding up to a term as induction must be planned and structured in advance and must take place in a stable environment to allow for fair assessment and accurate judgement.  This cannot happen in anything less than a term.

How long will I be able to work as a supply teacher before I must start my induction ?

ECTs can undertake short-term (duration of less than a term) supply work for a maximum of 5 years from the date of being awarded QTS.  This is a fixed time limit with no discretion to extend and will apply to all ECTs regardless of the amount of short-term supply teaching that has been undertaken previously.

What happens after the five year time limit ?

When the five year limit is reached, a teacher cannot undertake any further supply work (of any duration) in a maintained school, non-maintained special school, maintained nursery school or pupil referral unit unless it is a post in which the ECT is employed for a term of more and is able to undergo induction on a full or part-time basis.

See paragraph 2.13-2.16 of the Statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England.


Will it be possible to get an extension to the five years ?

No, this is a fixed time limit with no discretion to extend


What is a suitable post to serve induction ?

The headteacher/principal and appropriate body must ensure that the duties of the ECT and the conditions under which the ECT works are such as to enable there to be a fair and effective assessment of the ECT's conduct and efficiency against the teachers’ standards. An important element at the start and throughout the period is to ensure the suitability of the ECT's post. For further criteria see paragraph 2.17 -2.18 of the statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England.


I am a teacher from overseas, can I teach in a school in England without having to serve statutory induction ?

Teachers who have trained outside of England will need to visit the Department for Education website for information and guidance relating to requirements and qualifications needed to teach in England including information relating to exemptions to statutory induction.


I did my teacher training in Scotland/Ireland/Wales. Can I complete induction in England ?

Teachers who have trained outside of England and Wales must obtain the necessary clearance from the Teaching Regulation Agency (TRA) - the TRA will determine whether or not you are required to complete a statutory induction period.

For full details including requirements and the steps you need to take, please visit one of the following links:

Teachers trained or recognised in Northern Ireland or Scotland

Teachers trained or recognised in Rep of Ireland and other EEA member states

Teachers trained in Wales


Can an ECT undergo induction in an independent school/academy/free school/FE sector ?

Statutory induction is not a legal requirement to teach in FE or the independent sector, academies, free schools and BSOs, but may be served in these settings.  If these settings wish to offer an ECT who has been awarded QTS the chance to complete statutory induction, the head/principal must provide a suitable post and programme that will enable an ECT to meet all of the government teachers’ standards and from September 2021, provide access to early career framework (ECF).


Can an ECT underake induction in an age group and subject they have not trained in ?

Yes. Once an ECT has qualified teacher status they can teach any age range or subject, irrespective of training. However, it's strongly advisable in order to minimise the risk of complications, that ECTs undergo induction in the phase/subject they have trained in as teaching outside their age range and subject is unlikely to offer the best context for induction. An ECT in this situation is likely to need additional support to meet, and demonstrate they are meeting, the government teachers’ standards.


I have been teaching successfully at an independent school for a number of years. I now wish to take a post in a maintained school. Will I have to undergo statutory induction ?

Yes.  Completion of statutory induction is a requirement to teach without restriction e.g. to teach in the maintained sector.  The length of induction required to serve may be reduced in certain instances but these will only be considered on a case-by-case basis and usually based on number of years teaching experience in the same institution.


How is induction affected by maternity leave (including paternity) ?

If an ECT has a break in her induction that includes statutory maternity leave, she can choose whether or not to extend induction by a period equivalent to the statutory maternity leave. Outstanding assessments should not be made until she returns to work and has had the opportunity to decide whether to extend induction. Any extension request must be granted.

If an ECT chooses not to extend her induction period following a period of statutory maternity leave, her performance will still be assessed against the teachers’ standards. Individuals in this situation should seek advice from their headteacher/principal, induction tutor, appropriate body or an appropriate teacher union professional association before making this decision.

The same also applies to paternity leave.

See paragraph 3.7 of the Statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England.


Will my induction be extended if I have been absent ?

The induction period is automatically extended prior to completion when an ECT's absences during induction total 30 days or more. In these circumstances the induction period will be extended by the aggregate total of days absent, for example if the ECT is absent for a total of 35 days, the induction period is extended by 35 days. Please note that when the ECT works part-time, only absences that fall when the ECT is contracted to work should be counted.

See paragraph 3.5 of the statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England.

For absences relating to COVID, please see the guidance published by the government


Can an ECT teacher who fails their induction period appeal against the decision ?

An ECT (NQT) can appeal to the TRA by sending a notice of appeal within 20 days, beginning with the date the ECT received notice of the appropriate bodies decision – this can be a letter.  Section four of the Statutory guidance on induction for ECTs in England. provides more information on the appeals process.

For pre-September 2021 ECTs (NQTs), please refer to the same section of the previous statutory guidance.


I have failed my Induction, am I allowed to teach ?

If you have failed induction and decided not to appeal the decision or you have appealed but the appeal is disallowed, your name will appear on the list of teachers who have failed satisfactorily to complete an induction period, maintained by the TRA on behalf of the Secretary of State. You will not be able to teach in a maintained school. Independent schools including academies, Free Schools and FE institutions do not legally require their teachers to complete induction.

You can check your official teacher status and record online by visiting the government Teacher Self-Serivce portal


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